ASP Fire provides essential advice on preventative maintenance and adequate fire-prevention procedures for gensets.
The first issue to be taken into consideration is the fuel supply, which may comprise an integral tank at the base of the genset, a 2,200 litre Bulk To Farm Tank (BTF), or often merely a 210 litre drum. “Hence we have the presence of highly flammable liquids, especially in terms of refuelling and the possibility of any spillages,” Michael van Niekerk, CEO, ASP Fire, points out.
Another issue is to control the growth of vegetation around a genset, especially if it is located outside. “Very often we will see vegetation encroaching on a genset, tucked away somewhere as an afterthought. We have even seen corporate customers piling office equipment onto, and around, a genset,” van Niekerk reveals.
Companies and individuals often lack the correct fire-fighting equipment to deal with genset fires. For example, a dry-chemical fire extinguisher will douse the flames, but not cool down any hot surfaces. A carbon-dioxide fire extinguisher, on the other hand, might cool down the overheated genset itself, but this can result in major damage to the equipment due to thermal shock.
Gensets do not only supply standby power, but are essential to the day-to-day operations of institutions such as financial services and medical care. Hospitals, for example, will often have back-up gensets, all located in the same room. If a fire breaks out in one genset, the rest of the equipment is immediately at risk.
“Hence we recommend an automatic fire-suppression system for such environments. It is unmonitored equipment, with a high fire hazard due to the presence of flammable liquids and combustible products, as well as electricity. The probability of something going wrong may be slim in the mind of the end user, but in the likelihood that it does, the consequences can be potentially disastrous, and even fatal.”
In terms of fixed fire-suppression systems, a range of options are available. Sprinklers are an obvious choice, but this depends on whether or not such a system has been installed already. If not, the cost can be prohibitive, as sufficient hydraulic capacity has to be guaranteed, which means that cheaper and more effective alternatives need to be investigated.
The next best option is a clean-gas fire-suppression system. “The problem with gensets and the heat they produce is that the rooms they are located in are normally ventilated, which compromises the integrity of the enclosure. If you discharge a gas system in this environment, it is therefore not possible to maintain the concentration of that gas for a sufficient period to suppress the fire. This means that clean-gas systems are not ideal in these scenarios,” van Niekerk cautions.
The third option is a water-mist fire-suppression system, which has the added environmental benefit of only using a minimal quantity of water, which is also far more cost-effective than the clean gases themselves necessary to recharge the system.
“This supresses a fire rapidly, cooling any remaining hot spots down to below the automatic ignition temperature.” This is why ASP Fire recommends AFFF water-mist fire-suppression systems for gensets. A foamless system can even be supplied for environments such as gensets housed in shipping containers.
ASP Fire recommends an electronic fire-detection system in conjunction with an AFFF water-mist fire-suppression system. “This allows the end user to monitor the system in terms of any feedback when it is activated in the event of a fire. It is important to bear in mind that all of these systems need to be inspected and serviced at least on a quarterly basis,” van Niekerk points out.